Major Causes Of Dog Skin Problems And Possible Solutions

Dog Skin Problems
Dog skin problems are among the common health problems in dogs. Skin problems can cause pain, lesions, swelling, scabs, drainage and more to a dog. When, your dog suffers from skin a problem, it will respond by scratching, licking or bothering the skin area that is affected. The skin is the largest organ of the body and its main function is to protect the internal organs and the muscular tissues from bacterial invasion. It also helps to control body temperature and dehydration. Skin disorders in dogs vary from acute self-limiting problems to chronic problems that require life time treatment. Though dog skin problems can be very aggravating for your dog, there are always the easiest to detect and treat. In this article, we are going to discuss common causes of skin problems that affect dogs and possible solutions to the problem.


MAJOR CAUSES OF SKIN PROBLEMS IN DOGS

1. Fungal.

Fungal skin infection in dogs is usually caused by two fungi species namely Trichopyton and Microsprum. Ringworm is the most common disease that result from fungi. Fungal skin problems is common among puppies and it usually affect the head and the legs. Signs of fungal skin infection include hair loss in circular patches of dry skin. Fungal infection usually appears as brown, thick greasy paste and it commonly seen along the dog’s ears. It has a bad smell and causes extreme itching to the dog.

2. Parasites

Parasite are the most common source of skin problems and irritation in dogs. Parasites that affects dogs the most are mites and fleas. Skin problem can be identified when a flea egg or an adult flea is seen on your dog’s skin most often along the belly and rump. Parasites cause scabies which is a deadly skin problem that can cause major problems to the dog if not treated early. Due to scratching and rubbing that your dog will do to relieve the itch, many secondary problems may arise causing more pain to the dog.

3. Bacterial skin infection.

Bacteria are common and major cause of skin problems and it usually cause the dog to scratch and chew the skin. Bacterial infection usually weakens the immune system of the dog thus making the dog vulnerable to skin problems. Small bumps on the surface of your dog’s skin can be a sign of bacterial infection. If bacterial infection is not diagnosed and treated in time, it can cause secondary infections to dog thus causing more 
pain.

4. Hypothyroidism.

This condition occurs when the thyroid gland does not secrets enough hormones to control the metabolic rate of the dog. When insufficiency occurs, your dog will gain weight and become less active and lose hair from the body. The dog’s skin will also darkens and become scaly. The dog will also be vulnerable to get bacterial infection.

5. Allergies.

Allergies can cause skin disorders in dogs. Typically, allergy attacks a dog when it has a weak immune system. Signs of allergies in dogs include: dry skin, nasal discharges and sneezing. Dog skin allergies can come from food, bugs or the environment that the dog is exposed to. Although rarely occurs, it can irritate your dog thus causing serous skin injuries and infections.

6. Hormonal skin diseases.

Hormonal skin diseases are the most difficult to diagnose because they are not itchy. It occurs when there is underproduction or overproduction of hormone resulting in change in dog’s skin and coat. Some of the signs of hormonal skin disease include change in dog’s skin color and the skin appearing thinner or thicker.

POSSIBLE SOLUTION TO DOG SKIN DISORDERS.

1. Healthy diet.

As a preventative measure, if your dog is prone to skin problems, it is recommended that you review its diet. Most skin disorders occurs because if poor diet. Make sure you consult your vet so as to come up with a diet that is well-balanced which can enhance the immune system of your dog.

2. Dog fasting.

Dog fasting is also a good way of combating a specific skin problem or outbreak. By fasting your dog, you will give the body a chance to clean itself out. It will also allow the dogs system to focus on healing the disorder instead of spending energy digesting food.

3. Proper natural skin care.  

Proper natural skin care along the affected area should be applied to prevent the infection from spreading or reoccurring. Ensure that you clip away excess hair that covers the spot on the skin. Also ensure that you bath your dog putting more emphasis on the spot. Use a recommended herbal soap when bathing your dog.