Dog yeast infection is something very common with domestic dogs. This is normally caused by a species known as Malassezia pachydermatis which is a kind of yeast that normally lives on the skin of the dog but in manageable numbers. It normally likes to live in the pet’s fatty tissues especially around the fond of the ears. The yeast infection happens when the yeast begins to reproduce in uncontrollable numbers overpopulating certain areas of the skin where they live.
There are a number of factors that contribute to the development of this type of infection and some of them include:Prolonged exposure to humid and hot weather. Bites from ticks, fleas, mites and other external parasites that disrupt the protective skin barrier. Allergies to saliva of ticks, fleas, mites and other external parasites. Hypersensitivity disorders Food allergies Prolonged used of corticosteroids Food allergies Endocrine disorders Immuno suppressive illness Chemotherapy Bacteria skin infection or irritation Metabolic diseases
Signs of yeast infections
Some of the signs that you should be on the lookout for to know whether your dog is suffering from yeast infection are:Evidence of skin itchiness Chewing, scratching, licking, biting and running of the skin. This can be frenzied and frantic which can lead to weeping sores on or even around the ears, neck, face, armpits, tail base and elsewhere. Skin irritation, inflammation and redness especially around and in the ears, between the toes and paw pads, facial, in nasal or other skin folds, in the anal areas, on the neck and under the armpits.Scaly skin/dandruff Hair loss Oily skin Greasy hair coat to an extent that the dog may at times leave some oily patching on the furniture or bedding. Rancid and foul smelling skin. Thickened dark skin that is often described as elephant like. Ear infection that may be accompanied by yellowish green and smelly discharge. Crusty and raised areas on the skin. Behavioral changes that are associated with pain and pruritis like loss of appetite, depression, anxiety, weight loss and aggression.
If you happen to notice any of the above signs, it would be best to rush the dog to a professional vet so that the yeast infection can be diagnosed in the right way. There are a number of procedures that the vets normally follow so as to come up with the right diagnosis and also advise on medication to make sure your pet gets healed and it can continue with normal life.
There are a number of dog yeast infection options the vet can recommend and some of them include:
i) Application of antibiotic, anti seborrheic, anti yeast or anti fungal medications. These come in a variety of speculations such as solutions, medicated shampoos, creams, lotions, sprays, rinses, wipes and powders. These are supposed to be applied on a daily basis for a specified period of time.
ii) In case of severe yeast infection, the dog may get a prescription of oral anti fungal drugs which are normally taken for about 2 weeks.The good news is that prognosis of dogs suffering from yeast infection is good although there are some dogs in rare cases which might need periodic lifelong treatment so as to manage the outbreaks.